Electrical Heating Systems Vs Heat Pump Technology

Electrical Heating Systems Vs Heat Pump Technology

Up to 11% of UK buildings utilise electric heating systems

Up to 11% of UK buildings utilise electric heating systems, although this is set to rise with the UK already on its journey toward net zero. This has started a gradual shift from using gas-powered heating systems to those that use electricity so they are less damaging toward the environment and considerably more efficient. Although electric heating systems and heat pumps both use electricity to operate, there is a significant difference between how they do this and how it can impact their operating costs.

Electrical Heating Systems VS Heat Pumps
100% EFFICIENCY 300-400%
10-15 years LIFESPAN 10-15 years
£4.00 per hour RUNNING COSTS £0.48 per hour
Every year MAINTENANCE Every year
Heating only HEATING & COOLING Dual functionality

Achieving Net Zero in the UK by 2050: A National Effort

With the move toward net zero in the UK by 2050 and new gas boilers to be banned entirely by 2035, focus has shifted to cleaner heating solutions that are both more efficient and have the potential to run solely on renewable energy. Electricity provides a direct alternative to fossil fuels and already can be seen in the rising numbers of electric vehicles on the road with heating systems following a similar trend. Both electric heating systems and heat pump technology are on the rise to meet this need for alternative heating solutions, especially with the latter also providing the benefit of cooling functionality during the hotter summer months.

The experts at MAC can provide you with information on heating solutions including heat pump technology that can best suit your needs, whether for your domestic or commercial property.

Electrical Heating Systems: What are They and How Do They Work?

Electrical heating can describe any heating system directly powered by electricity rather than other energy sources such as gas. This type of heating system can come in a number of forms including electric boilers, storage heaters or even underfloor heating. They operate by converting your electrical current directly into heat energy, this is what allows them to be virtually 100% efficient as they directly use all the electricity they are supplied with the produce heat. A gas powered system can waste at least 10% or more of its fuel due to a number of factors including loss of heat via its own pipework.

Whilst they also powered by electricity, heat pumps do not use this electricity to directly produce heat, instead they use it to power the process of extracting latent energy already present in the air or the ground. This is how heat pump technology can be so much more efficient in comparison.

Electrical Heating

Heat Pumps Vs Electric Heating Systems

Which Is More Efficient?

By converting every watt of electricity they use into heat, electric systems are as close to 100% efficient as they can possibly be, particularly those that utilise electric radiators in their system as their radiant heat is the least susceptable to heat loss. Their only limitation is their inability to exceed 100% efficiency due to the nature of how they operate, directly converting electricity like for like into heat.
This is where heat pumps differ, as they instead use electricity to power a process that produces heat. This is achieved by using the latent energy sourced from the ground or air outside and converting into usable heating or cooling within an indoor space through the compression of refrigerant sealed inside the heat pump system.
This highly effective process allows heat pump technology to produce 300-400% efficiency, resulting in much lower amounts of electricity being required to produce the same heating result.
The air conditioning systems supplied and installed by MAC utilise this heat pump technology to retain their high efficiency and provide both heating and cooling on demand, contact MAC today to find out more on how this can benefit you.
Electrical Heating Systems Vs Heat Pump Technology
Electrical Heating Systems Vs Heat Pump Technology

Heat Pump Tips

Up to 11% of UK buildings utilise electric heating systems, although this is set to rise with the UK already on its journey toward net zero.
Approximately 80% of UK buildings are currently heated by gas, although this is already starting to change as the UK continues on the path toward net zero.
Biomass heating systems produce renewable energy in the form of heat by burning organic matter such as wood or plants.

Commercial Heating Systems

Whether you're looking to regulate the temperature in an office space or any other commercial property, customers and employees alike will benefit from the heating and cooling features of AC throughout the year.

Home Heating Systems

Our combined heating and cooling systems are perfect for keeping your home cosy and snug for all the family. We have a range of energy-efficient models available, helping you to maintain a comfortable temperature without worrying about high utility bills.

Are Heat Pumps More Expensive Than Electric Heating?

In order to purchase an electric heating system there is quite a substantial investment required and whilst it is usually more than a gas boiler installation, the initial investment for the installation of a heat pump system is significantly higher still. Yet when efficiencies are taken into account, heat pumps can recoup on their installation costs more rapidly than electric heating due to their lower running costs.
A new installation for an electric heating system tends to fall within the range of £3500-£5000 and can usually be completed within two days, very much like a gas boiler system which usually costs between £3000-£4000 with a similar install period. In contrast, a heat pump system is closer in cost to £15000 and their installation is far more time consuming, resulting in up to five days to reach completion.
This is where the convenience of air conditioning comes in handy, as it uses the same air source heat pump technology to provide all the efficiency benefits at a much lower investment cost. Starting as low as £1800, a simple air conditioning installation can take as little as a day to reach completion.
Whether you have a question concerning electrical heating or heat pump technology, MAC is here to help so you can find the best solution to suit your needs. Our expert team of qualified engineers ensure not only the highest standards, but a wealth experience to ensure you get the very best out of your investment, giving you peace of mind you’ve made a sound choice for your energy needs.
Air Conditioning Installation

Heat Pumps Vs Electric Heating

What Heating Solution is Cheaper to Run?

Whilst the gap between them may be shrinking, the cost of electricity compared to gas is still significantly higher, making electricity less appealing when faced with your energy bill. This is where heat pump technology comes into its own, as using a heat pump can aid in cutting the cost of household heating bills by up to 27% due to its incredible efficiency. Electric heating systems certainly can use their high efficiency to save you money also, but it is worthwhile to make a direct comparison.
An electric boiler in the average 3 bed household it can cost around £200-£300 each month to run, particularly during the colder months of the year. This can end up costing up to £4 an hour to run when also considering the time of day it is being used. In contrast, the typical running costs to heat an average 3 bed household with an air conditioner using heat pump technology is around 48p per hour. It is also worth taking into consideration that installing heat pump technology can also increase your property value by an estimated figure of 3%.
When it comes to maintenance costs, MAC can also offer you peace of mind with detailed maintenance plans at competitive rates, ensuring you make the most of your investment in heat pump technology so it lasts for years to come.

For more information on our maintenance plans, get in touch with a member of our friendly, expert team today by calling 0121 730 4800 or by emailing sales@midlandaircon.co.uk

What Our Customers Say

Electrical Heating Systems Vs Heat Pump Technology FAQs

Electrical heating systems directly convert electricity into heat, like electric radiators or baseboards. Heat pumps, on the other hand, move existing heat from outside (air or ground) into your home, using less electricity overall.
Heat pumps are generally much more efficient than electric heating systems. They can move two to three times more heat than the electricity they consume, while electric heaters use a 1:1 ratio.
Yes, electrical heating systems are typically cheaper to install than heat pumps. They have simpler designs and require less equipment.
Some heat pumps are less effective in extremely cold weather. However, newer models are designed to function well in colder climates.
Yes, many heat pumps are dual-function systems that can provide both heating and cooling for your home. This can be a great advantage in areas with distinct seasons.