What Are The Key Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 EV Chargers?

What Are The Key Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 EV Chargers?

Table of Contents

A seven pin EV charger

The way we get from point A to B is changing and by 2035, the UK government has proposed the plan to stop production of all new petrol and diesel vehicles. That means electric vehicles are going to be even more prominent on the roads than ever in the next few years making it vital for owners to know the all-important question – what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 EV chargers?

Fear not, we are here to explain all there is to know about type 1 and type 2 EV chargers, what vehicles are compatible with each and the key differences.  

What is a Type 1 EV Charger?

Type 1 EV chargers adopt a five-pin design – essentially five points of connection that offer charging times of approximately 12.5-25 miles per hour of charging. Type 1 chargers use a latch that helps keep the plug in place but does not benefit from a locking mechanism, meaning anyone can unplug the charger from a vehicle.

Their power output is typically between 3.7kW and 7.4kW and are more common in Asian countries, with the UK more or less phasing these types of EV chargers out. However, some older vehicles will still utilise type 1 chargers.  

What is a Type 2 Charger?

EV chargers of the type 2 variety have a seven-pin design and are designed for much faster charging, with power outputs ranging from 22kW to 43kW enabling charging times of 30-90 miles per hour of charging. Type 2 EV chargers are also more secure as they feature locking pins to keep the plug in place whilst connected.

Type 2 EV chargers are also available for either single or three-phase mains power, allowing for greater adaptability.  

5 Key Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 EV Chargers

1. Connector Design

The first main difference between type 1 and type 2 EV chargers is the design of their connector, with type 1 EV chargers using a five-pin design encased in a circular design, whereas type 2 EV chargers adopt seven pins.

2. Securing Your EV Charger

Those looking for a more secure way of charging their electric vehicles will benefit from a type 2 EV charger. This is because EV chargers that are type 2 feature locking pins, not only securing it in place but adding additional protection. The only security type 1 EV chargers have is a latch to keep it in place when plugged in, and these are mainly used at public charging points as anyone can plug and unplug them.

3.EV Charger Rates

Type 1 and type 2 EV chargers both provide different levels of charging power and speed, but one is faster than the other. As type 1 EV chargers are limited to a single-phase electricity supply, you won’t be able to get more than 7.4kW of power, ultimately resulting in much slower charging speeds. Type 2, on the other hand, is available in single or three-phase charging, and has a higher charging rate of 22kW-43kW of alternating current (AC). Your electric vehicle will be charged in a much shorter period.

4. Usage in Geographical Regions

Type 1 and type 2 EV chargers are commonplace all over the world, but some regions use one over the other. Asian regions and across North America are where you’ll find type 1 EV chargers, with the UK and Europe using EV chargers that are type 2. Type 2 EV chargers are beginning to be adopted by Asian and North American markets though, and in 2017, the EU introduced legislation stating all public charging stations must be type 2. This has led to an exponential increase in the manufacturing of type 2 electric vehicles. With their increase in use and popularity, type 2 EV chargers are the new normal, and in a few years, it’s more than likely we’ll see type 1 EV chargers completely lost to the history books.

5. Compatibility

Europe is moving closer to having a single EV charging system since type 2 EV chargers are becoming more and more popular. Standardised publicly accessible charging infrastructure is required by regulations such as the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive. Because of their scalability, safety features, compatibility and versatility, type 2 EV chargers have emerged as the recommended option. Since EV chargers of type 2 are the universal standard, it is simpler to locate suitable charging stations throughout Europe, which eliminates the need for adapters and guarantees reliability in the expanding EV ecosystem.

What Are The Key Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 EV Chargers?

If you want fast charging for your electric vehicles then look no further than MAC, with our wide selection of type 1 and type 2 EV chargers that we can supply and install at your home or place of work. We have the expertise to match you with the perfect EV charger for your needs, offering you convenience, efficiency and a cost-effective charging solution. Just like our chargers, you can get a fast quote on our EV chargers by using the EV charger price calculator, and in just six simple questions, you’ll have a breakdown of the price.

Alternatively, get in touch with us today to discuss your requirements and receive non-nonsense, transparent advice.




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